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Chinese Journal of Chemical Education  
  Chinese Journal of Chemical Education--2015, 36 (24)   Published: 18 December 2015
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Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 0-0.
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Introduction of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015: DNA Repair Providing Chemical Stability for Life

FANG Yuan-Yuan, LIU Ke-Wen
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 1-6. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015110075
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Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar are awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 for having mapped and explained how the cell repairs its DNA and safeguards the genetic information. Their work helps people understand the molecular mechanisms of DNA repair pathways in detail, and provides the basis for understanding the causes of genetic diseases and the mechanisms of cancer and aging process.

Chemical Knowledge in Production Technology of Silk

FENG Qin-Ping, PENG Shu-Jin, ZHANG Sheng-Ting
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 7-11. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015020049
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The refining, dyeing and preservation of silk is closely related to the chemical composition and structure of natural silk. The chemical knowledge in refining, dyeing and preservation of silk was discussed in this article based on the chemical composition and structure of natural silk.

Review and Prospect of Textbook Construction of Inorganic Chemistry for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Major in Colleges and Universities in China

BAO Hao-Bo
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 12-17. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015080038
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Before 1950s, the inorganic chemistry textbooks in colleges and universities in China were mainly original or translation edition of corresponding foreign textbooks. In 1960s, the textbook construction of inorganic chemistry in China entered a brief period of prosperity. Now the inorganic chemistry textbooks widely used in colleges and universities are four representative inorganic chemistry textbooks published in 1977-1990. After 2000, although the number of varieties of inorganic chemistry textbooks increased significantly, but the quality is less. In the future, the division and connection of the basic inorganic chemistry and medium inorganic chemistry, and the integration of teaching materials and information technology should be consided.

Teaching Design of Organic Chemistry Based on Electronegativity of Elements with Example of Reaction of Ethylene and Bromine

JING Xiao-Bi, LV Lin, WU Xing
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 18-20. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015010126
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This paper disclosed the logical relationship that reaction process in organic chemistry is determined by the atomic electronegativity with the teaaching design of the additive reaction of ethylene and bromine. Based on to the analysis of the reacting atomic electronegativity, the students could master the organic reaction mechanism easily.

Practice and Reflection on Team-based Guiding Teaching Method in Organic Chemistry

CUI Feng-Xia, DU Chun-Lei, LI Ping, WANG Yan, SANG Rui-Lan
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 21-23. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015050012
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This paper introduced the team-based guiding teaching method of organic chemistry in medical universities that required teachers to eleborately design their teaching and systematically compile guiding outline. According to the guiding outline, teachers should guide students to complete the procedures in the form of team-based teaching method such as material preparation, before-class discussions, formative evaluation records, in-class explanation and exercise solution, so as to enhance students' ability of autonomous learning.

Effective Way to Stimulate Interests in Learning Basic Chemistry:Introduction of Frontier Knowledge

XUE Bin, ZHOU Dong-Xiang
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 24-27. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030037
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This paper described a teaching method of introduing the frontier knowledge that could stimulate students' interests in learning and improve teaching effectiveness of basic chemistry. The examples of frontrer knowledge related to basic chemistry were given. The teaching principles of introducing frontier knowledge into basic chemistry teaching were proposed.

Application of Research-oriented Teaching Method in Teaching of College Chemistry

LIU Da-Peng
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 28-31. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030067
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This paper carried out research-oriented teaching method in the teaching of college chemistry through designing different teaching processes based on the contents, such as strengthening students' understanding of scientific method through examples, setting contexts for problems to arouse students' initiative learning, paying attention to the promoting effect of experimental teaching to theory teaching, strengthening students' understanding of practicability of chemistry in life and production, and so on. These methods could help students to think and study actively in chemistry classroom and cultivate students' ability to study and solve problems independently.

Applied Talents Training in Chemical Experiment Teaching in Universities with Example of Experiment of Phosphating Treatment on Iron and Steel Surface

JIANG Wei, YANG Zheng-Long, LIANG Tao, GAO Shan-Min, ZHANG Pi-Jian
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 32-34. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015010018
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Taking the experiment of phosphating treatment on iron and steel surface as an example, this paper discussed the necessity and feasibility of chemical experiment teaching reform on the exploration of applied talents training in local universities. During the course of teaching reform, consideration should be given to both educational regularity and social demand. In addition, the practical ability and inquiry ability of students should be developed on the basis of stimulating students' learning interest, teaching basic theory and operating skills.

Design and Implemention of Experiment of Photocatalytic Degradation of Dye Based on PBL

MIAO Hui, LIU Jun-Long, ZHANG Wen-Bao, CUI Yu-Min
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 35-38. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015010098
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Taking the experiment of decolorization and degradation of dye wastewater as an example, this paper discussed the application of PBL mode in chemical experiment teaching and put forward the operation procedures and teaching evaluation. The experiment teaching took problem solving as task driven based on PBL mode, played the guiding role of problems in the learning process, encouraged students to actively participate in the teaching process. These methods could mobilized students' learning initiative and enthusiasm, improved students' ability to master the knowledge and practical ability, cultivated students' creative spirit and innovative ability.

Teaching of Designable Experiments for Properties Identification of Organic Functional Groups

WANG Qian, HE Ling, YU Lu
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 39-42. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015010028
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This paper thoroughly reformed experiment contents, teaching methods and testing methods of property experiment of organic compounds. It integrated traditional individual verification experiment into comprehensive design experiment. Students independently explained and designed the identification experiment of unknown compounds and their experiment results were evaluated through diversified testing methods. In the process, more attention was paid to the cultivation of students' comprehensive scientific literacy such as experimental operation skills and innovative ability to obtain satisfied teaching effect.

Improvement of Ammonia Soda Process for Preparing Sodium Carbonate

JIAO Huan, FENG Hui-Jun, LI Shu-Ni, CHEN Lin, HE Di-Ping, BAI Yun-Shan, XU Ling
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 43-45. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015040016
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In view of low yield and environment pollution caused by overflow of ammonia in the ammonia soda process for preparing sodium carbonate, this paper improved the experiment by adding ammonia in 3 times and taking phenolphthalein as indicator to control the addition of ammonia. These methods could increase the yield, shorten the reaction time and reduce the air pollution in the ammonia soda process for preparing sodium carbonate.

Effectiveness of Microteaching to Cultivate Pre-service Teachers' Teaching Skills

YE Jian-Qiang, CHEN Di-Mei, LUO Jiao
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 46-50. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2014110028
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Taking the pre-service teachers participating in the teaching skills competition as the research objects, this article analyzed the differences of the teaching skills of pre-service teachers and investigated the relationship between microteaching and teaching skills. The results showed that pre-service teachers had good teaching skills and there was no significant difference of simulation class, blackboard design and impromptu speech session while pre-service teachers in different grades or using different textbook. However, there existed significant differences of simulation class, blackboard design and impromptu speech between the high group and the low group while pre-service teachers divide by microteaching academic level. Regression curve also indicated that microteaching had positive effect to promote pre-service teachers' teaching skills.

Open Classroom Teaching of Chemistry Didactics Based on Micro-blogs in High Education

CAI Wen-Lian, CHEN Li-Qiong
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 51-55. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2014120041
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According to the present situation of chemistry didactics teaching in high education, this paper analyzed the urgency of constructing open classroom and tried to apply micro-blogs in chemistry didactics teaching based on the investigation of the current situation of college students' micro-blogs and the feasibility of micro-blog applied to chemistry didactics teaching.

Construction of Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Medical Chemistry

GUO Jian-Min, WANG Yi-Wei, TANG Bin, LIU Yuan
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 56-58. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015060025
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Nursing major recruited liberal arts students and science students and liberal arts students had great difficulties in learning medical chemistry. According to the situation, this paper studied the cognitive law of chemical learning, increased the intensity of the reform of medical chemistry, constructed chemistry teachers' PCK (pedagogical content knowledge), and built basic theory of medical chemistry PCK to improve teaching quality.

Implementation of Naturally Individualized Teaching in Organic Chemistry Experiment Teaching

LI Wei-Na, XIN Yi, LIU Zhi-Hong
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 59-62. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015070024
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According to the characteristics of organic chemistry experiment course in higher vocational colleges, this paper proposed a six-step naturally individualized teaching method including self-study guidance, emotional regulation, emphasizing foundation, strengthening training, summary reflection and homework, with the example of preparation of ethyl acetate. Teaching practice showed that students' self-regulated learning ability and team spirit have improved significantly, and good teaching results have been achieved.

Teaching Design and Reflection of Atomic Structure in Medical Basic Chemistry

DENG Xiao-Jun, LI Chen, HE Wei, QIN Xiang-Yang
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 63-66. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030002
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Atomic structure is the foundation of chemistry and the teaching of atomic structure could directly affect the students' study of chemistry course. Based on teaching reflection and teaching experience, we found that the teaching method combining the history of finding atomic structure with the law of people's cognitive process and creative teaching design, not only could greatly improve the teaching effect, but also could develop students' ability of inquiry and innovation.

Teaching Reform of Heavy Oil Modification Experiment Oriented by Project Research

LI Shu-Feng, LI Chuan, WEN Ping
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 67-69. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030133
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This article elaborated the teaching reform with example of heavy oil modification experiment form four aspects including the establishment of research direction, the study of research contents, the master of experimental methods and the discussion of the rules. Teaching practices showed that the reform of experiment teaching oriented by project research could promote students to participate in project research and think scientifically during the experiment, cultivate students' comprehensive practical ability and strengthen the training of scientific research ability.

Professional English Education for Graduate Students of Chemistry

QIAN Rong-Rong, YU Lei
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 70-73. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030163
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This paper discussed the professional English education for graduated student of chemistry, which is difficult to perform through classroom teaching, and performed it through the research practice under the direction of supervisor by four stages: learning of basic words and tools, reference reading, imitative writing and academic communication.

Microlecture Design of Biochemistry under Environment of Massive Open Online Course

Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 74-77. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015010025
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This paper tried to use cooperative teaching mode to reconstruct the teaching process of biochemistry, and described in detail the design process of microlecture for the lipolysis metabolism. This new teaching mode could significantly improve the students' interest in learning biochemistry and provide the reference for the researchers involved in the study of MOOC.

Factors Affecting Side Reaction in Organic Reaction

ZHANG Sheng-Jian, LUO Cheng-Cai
Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 78-81. ;  doi: 10.13884/j.1003-3807hxjy.2015030100
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This paper analyzed and summarized the generating processes of side reaction in organic synthesis reactions, discussed the relationship between side reaction and reaction conditions such as mass transport process, heat transport process, charge process, raw materials ratio. It was helpful for students to understand and analyze how to select reaction conditions.

Chinese Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 36 (24): 82-82.
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